THIRD PARTY INDEPENDENT REPORT ON PERFORMANCE OF THE E CAT HT (High Temperature)
A 29 page independent report published through Cornell University press
has just been released ( May 19th, 2013)
The Third Party Report has been published on Arxiv Physics :
Leonardo Corporation - E cat Technology
The E-Cat has now been tested! We believe that the E-Cat should now be considered a confirmed phenomenon!
"Even by the most conservative assumptions Š, the result is still one order of magnitude greater than conventional energy sources."
Giuseppe Levi Bologna University, Bologna, Italy
Evelyn Foschi Bologna, Italy
Torbjörn Hartman, Bo Höistad, Roland Pettersson and Lars Tegnér Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Hanno Essén Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
"The COP reported in the report is 5.6, +-0.8. Fossil fuels, at best, are 2.0. This is, indeed, a huge victory for LENR and Andrea Rossi"
"We have a new Engergy Source which works and can be manufactured at any moment, delivering usable amounts of energy and with an energy density which exceeds any chemical process by factors (1000 when calculated per kg and 10 when calculated per litre). This is the paradigm change, now hope mankind will be able to manage this for the good of all.
Tell the world! Thanks to Rossi, Fleischmann and Pons"
-Gerard McEk quote
"For a further confirmation of the fact that the E-Cat HT2's performance lies outside the known region of chemical energy densities, one can also calculate the volumetric energy density of the reactor, by referring to the whole volume occupied by the internal cylinder, namely 1.52¼33 = 233 cm3= 0.233 l. This is the most conservative and "blind" approach possible.
Taking the figures from the worst case, we get a net power of 800-354=446 W; by multiplying this by (3600 · 116), we find that 185 Mj where produced. Thus, we have a volumetric energy density of 185/0.233 =(7.93 ± 0.8)10 2 Mj/Liter, meaning that even by resorting to the most conservative and "worst case scenarios", where the total volume of the reactor is comprehensive of the 5- mm thick steel cylinder, we see that we are still at least one order of magnitude above the volumetric energy density of any known chemical source.
That last sentence is the announcement everyone has been waiting for. At this time, most conventional sources of energy are anything related to fossil fuels. However, fossil fuels are basically the gold standard for energy production, as they produce the most energy per input of any fuel source.
In addition, the evaluators said that the E-Cats produced:
"Šone order of magnitude higher than any conventional source."
There are five Swedish researchers from Uppsala and Stockholm, and two from Italy who together authored the report, available since Monday morning on the site Arxiv.org . The conclusion after the two measurements that lasted 96 or 116 hours, even with the most conservative assumptions about inaccuracies in the measurements, the result is still an order of magnitude greater than for conventional energy sources.
- We do not draw any conclusions, but we point out that the test gives an abnormal heat that is far beyond that possible with chemical reactions, says Bo Höistad, emeritus professor of nuclear physics and the representative of the group.
After weighing the fuel and the measurement of reactor interior space, they acknowledge that the energy density is far greater than for any chemical reaction or any known method for storing energy.
An experimental investigation of possible anomalous heat production in a special type of reactor tube named E-Cat HT is carried out. The reactor tube is charged with a small amount of hydrogen loaded nickel powder plus some additives. The reaction is primarily initiated by heat from resistor coils inside the reactor tube. Measurement of the produced heat was performed with high-resolution thermal imaging cameras, recording data every second from the hot reactor tube.
The measurements of electrical power input were performed with a large bandwidth three-phase power analyzer. Data were collected in two experimental runs lasting 96 and 116 hours, respectively. An anomalous heat production was indicated in both experiments. The 116-hour experiment also included a calibration of the experimental set-up without the active charge present in the E-Cat HT. In this case, no extra heat was generated beyond the expected heat from the electric input. Computed volumetric and gravimetric energy densities were found to be far above those of any known chemical source. Even by the most conservative assumptions as to the errors in the measurements, the result is still one order of magnitude greater than conventional energy sources.
The two test measurements described in this text were conducted with the same methodology on two different devices: a first prototype, termed E-Cat HT, and a second one, resulting from technological improvements on the first, termed E-Cat HT2. Both have indicated heat production from an unknown reaction primed by heat from resistor coils. The results obtained indicate that energy was produced in decidedly higher quantities than what may be gained from any conventional source. In the March test, about 62 net kWh were produced, with a consumption of about 33 kWh, a power density of about 5.3 · 105, and a density of thermal energy of about 6.1 · 107 Wh/kg. In the December test, about 160 net kWh were produced, with a consumption of 35 kWh, a power density of about 7 · 103 W/kg and a thermal energy density of about 6.8 · 105 Wh/kg. The difference in results between the two tests may be seen in the overestimation of the weight of the charge in the first test (which was comprehensive of the weight of the two metal caps sealing the cylinder), and in the manufacturer's choice of keeping temperatures under control in the second experiment to enhance the stability of the operating cycle. In any event, the results obtained place both devices several orders of magnitude outside the bounds of the Ragone plot region for chemical sources.
Even from the standpoint of a "blind" evaluation of volumetric energy density, if we consider the whole volume of the reactor core and the most conservative figures on energy production, we still get a value of (7.93 ± 0.8) 102 MJ/Liter that is one order of magnitude higher than any conventional source.
Lastly, it must be remarked that both tests were terminated by a deliberate shutdown of the reactor, not by fuel exhaustion; thus, the energy densities that were measured should be considered as lower limits of real values.
The March test is to be considered an improvement over the one performed in December, in that various problems encountered in the first experiment were addressed and solved in the second one. In the next test experiment which is expected to start in the summer of 2013, and will last about six months, a long term performance of the E-Cat HT2 will be tested. This test will be crucial for further attempts to unveil the origin of the heat phenomenon observed so far.
Download the report below...