Solanol Refineries

Below are several example refineries including our prototypes...
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250kW Prototype Construction.

Solar Photovoltaic producing Ethanol SOLANOL

Scaled up technology for Government safety standards.
A working prototype, necessary for expansion into all global markets

Construction costs

Solar Photovoltaic Electric plant construction costs = $0.8 Million
Hydroxy Electrolysis System construction costs = $0.8 Million
Hydroxy gas separation = $0.2 Million
SOLANOL carbon neutral Refinery = $0.5 Million
Storage = $0.1 Million
Solar Photovoltaic land 4,444M2} = $0.4 Million
Government approvals/Construction manuals = $0.5 Million
Total construction cost = $3.3 Million

Prototype 250 KW hr- current prices

  • Production is 46,500 litre Ethanol per year
  • Ethanol is 0.90-cent litre wholesale
  • Turnover of oxygen per year is 78 tonnes (value $300 per Tonne)
  • Gross turnover on Ethanol is $41,850
  • Gross turnover O2 is $23,400
  • Total turnover is $65,250
  • Production costs: construction and business development 20 M
  • ROI is 0.3%
  • However- this does not include government subsides and
  • development grants
  • ROI is 2% when you only have basic production costs
  • ROI 2% increases to approx. 4 % with Gov. subsides

Government Subsides

  • Government pays between 20c-50c for every Kilowatt for renewable energy
  • 250 kWh x 24 hrs x 365= 2,190,000 kWh
  • Gov. paying average 35 cents = $766,500
  • Government pays $20 tonne for Carbon reduction
  • 46,500 divided by 9.54 litres, which requires 4 kg of carbon
  • Saving from the atmosphere 19.5 tonnes= $390
  • Total $767.000
  • ROI on prototype with Gov. sub is 3.8 %;
  • 0.766 x 100 divided by 20 M= 3.8 %
  • Gross turnover is 766,500 + 65,250= 831,750
  • 0.832 x 100 divided by 20 M= 4.2 subsides

10 MW Construction

Solar Photovoltaic Electric power producing ETHANOL SOLANOL with Oxygen

The electrical power required 8.2MW/h in a 11 hour day for the Hydroxy Electrolysis System to produce 480 Tonne of Hydrogen per annum with 3,526 Tonne of Carbon Dioxide necessary to facilitate the production of, 1,509 Tonne per annum of SOLANOL equaling 1.91 Million Litres per annum; 

To produce 480 Tonne of Hydrogen per annum plus 3,842 Tonne of Enviro-oxygen per annum requires 8,651 Tonne of water per annum, which includes Reverse Osmosis losses (Reverse Osmosis filtration cost $0.03 million) equating to 23.7 Tonne per day.

Total construction cost (Details below) = $34.4 Million
Solanol wholesale profits after 2.5 years =
7-9 % ROI without Government Subsides

Marketplace Details

10 MW refinery- with current prices

  • 2.3 million litre Ethanol per year
  • $2.07 million turnover Ethanol (@0.90c current price)
  • 3900 tonnes Oxygen per year
  • $1.2 million turnover O2
  • Total turnover = $ 3.3 million
  • Construction costs 40 M • ROI is 8.25%
  • Calculated by:
  • total turnover x 100 divided by 40

= ROI 8.25 % without any Government subsides

Details

Solar Photovoltaic operation equates to, 10 MW/ hour in a 11 hour day, with a landscape plateau footprint as shown below;

{{M2 footprint} = {90 Watt/hr}
{8.2MW/ hours in 11 hours}
{90 Watts/hr per M2} = {9.11 hectares or 0.09kM2}
{9.11 hectares or 0.09M2} x 2 for spacing
= {18.22 hectares or 0.18kM2} {45 acres}

Solar Photovoltaic power plant will produce the equivalent 1,509Tonne or 1.9 Million Litres per annum SOLANOL with 3,842Tonne per annum Enviro-oxygen facilities, equates to;

Cost of construction per Watt = {US$3.0 per Watt/ hour}.

8.2-10 MW / hour in an 11 hour day, x US$3.0 per Watt = {US$24.6Million}.

Solar Photovoltaic power and Hydroxy Electrolysis System carbon neutral Refinery will produce the equivalent SOLANOL of 1,509Tonne or 1.9 Million Litres per annum or 5,206 Litres per day with 3,842 Tonne per annum Enviro-oxygen or 10.5 Tonne per day;

Construction Costs

Solar Photovoltaic Electric plant construction costs = {US$24.6 Million}
Hydroxy Electrolysis System construction costs = {US$3.8 Million}
Hydroxy gas separation = {US$1 Million}
SOLANOL carbon neutral Refinery = {US$1 Million}
Storage and pipeline = {US$1 Million}

Transport Trucks Freight SOLANOL & cost Enviro-oxygen
= {US$1 Million}
Solar Photovoltaic land {0.18kM2} = {US$2 Million}.

Total construction cost ={US$34.4 Million}

Solanol wholesale profits after 2.5 years

{SOLANOL 1.9 Million Litre per annum/0.502 Million Gallons}
x {US$1.2 per Litre/ US$4.54 per Gallon, estimated gate cost in 2.5 years} ={US$2.28 Million per annum}.

{Enviro-oxygen 3,842 Tonne/ 4,235 Ton per annum} x
{US$250Tonne, estimated in 2.5 years}
= {US0.96 Million per annum}.

SOLANOL Carbon credits concessions
= {US$0.03Million per annum}.

Total SOLANOL + Enviro-oxygen profit + Carbon credits
= {US$3.27Million per annum}.

Estimated Ethanol excise Tax rate per Litre from 2008 to 2015;
{1.9 Million Litres per annum x US$0.114 per litre}
=   — {US$0.2 Million per annum}.

Maintenance costs = — {US$0.3 Million per annum}.
Labor running costs etc = — {US$0.5 Million per annum}.

Total overheads = — {US$1 Million per annum}.
{US$3.27 Million per annum} — {US$1 Million per annum} —
= {US$2.27 Million per annum}.

Therefore the yield per annum after running costs equates to {US$2.27illion}, which represents
{100 x US$2.27 Million} {US$34.4 Million} = {7-9% ROI}.


109 MW Construction

Solar Photovoltaic Electric power producing ETHANOL SOLANOL with Oxygen

Marketplace Details

100 MW refinery- with current prices

  • Producing 24 million litre per year of Ethanol
  • Turnover Ethanol = $21.6 million
  • Turnover O2 = $14.4 million
  • Total turnover = $ 36 million
  • Construction costs 400 M
  • ROI is 9 %
  • Calculated by: total turnover x 100 divided by 400= ROI

= 9% without any Government subsides

Marketplace 3 Year Projection

100 MW refinery- with 3 year projected prices

  • Ethanol wholesale projected $2.00 litre
  • Turnover Ethanol = $48 million
  • 39,000 tonnes Oxygen wholesale projected $350 per tonne
  • Turnover Oxygen = $ 13.7 million
  • Total turnover = $ 61.7 million
  • Construction costs 400 M
  • ROI is 16 %
  • Calculated by: total turnover x 100 divided by 400= ROI

= 16 % without any Government subsides

With Government subsides ROI 29 %

Details

The electrical power required 109MW/h in an 11-hour day for the Hydroxy Electrolysis System to produce 6,386Tonne of Hydrogen per annum with 46,866Tonne of Carbon Dioxide necessary to facilitate the production of, 20,060Tonne per annum of SOLANOL equaling 25.4 Million Litres per annum;

To produce 6,386 Tonne of Hydrogen per annum plus 51,070Tonne of Enviro-oxygen per annum requires 115,000Tonne of water per annum, which includes Reverse Osmosis losses (Reverse Osmosis filtration cost $0.4 million) equating to 315Tonne per day.

Solar Photovoltaic operation equates to (in all Deserts), 109MW/ hour in an 11-hour day, with a landscape plateau footprint as shown below;

{M2 footprint} = {90 Watt/hr} {109MW/ hours in 11 hours} {90 Watts/hr per M2} = {121 hectares or 1.21kM2} {121 hectares or 1.21kM2} x 2 for spacing
= {242 hectares or 2.42kM2} {598 acres}

Solar Photovoltaic power plant will produce the equivalent 20,060Tonne or 25.4 Million Litres per annum SOLANOL with 51,070 Tonne per annum Enviro-oxygen facilities, equates to;

cost of construction per Watt = {US$3.0 per Watt/ hour}.
109MW/ hour in 11 hour day, x US$3.0 per Watt= {US$327 Million}.

Solar Photovoltaic power and Hydroxy Electrolysis System plant will produce the equivalent SOLANOL of 20,060Tonne or 25.4 Million Litres per annum with 51,070 Tonne per annum Enviro-oxygen facilities,

Construction costs; Solar Photovoltaic Electric plant construction costs
= {US$327 Million}

24 hour Base-load Production with Electricity

Storing the sun’s energy as Solanol + Enviro-oxygen to produce
electricity at night

= 4% ROI Electricity Solanol wholesale profits after 4 years
= 10-13 % ROI

Above does not include venting of pure oxygen, licensing fees from CO2 industries, Government subsides and development grants.


5000 MW Electric Power

Producing SOLANOL with Enviro-oxygen.

Synthetic Renewable SOLANOL Fuels market potential

The projected consumption rate by 2010 of crude oil is estimated to peak at 110 million barrels per day, this equates to 21 Billion Litres/ 5.5 Billion Gallons of liquid fossil hydrocarbons per day.

The average size Synthetic Renewable SOLANOL carbon neutral Refinery will produce 3.2 Million Litres / 0.84 Million Gallons per day of SOLANOL, which makes use of Renewable Electricity + water + carbon dioxide (CO2 extracted from the atmosphere), generating ROI of 10%, which is calculated to be US$1.89 Billion per annum profit.

The estimated global SOLANOL Refinerys necessary to produce 21 Billion Litres per day of SOLANOL, is calculated at 6,600 Plants, producing global profits of approximately $12.5 Trillion per annum.

The necessary footprint (area) to extract necessary energy from the sun, to manufacture 21 SOLANOL Billion Litre per day, is 860km x 860km
= 740,000 km2 or 286,000 Miles2 globally, which is insignificant considering the amount of available global desert regions.

The SOLANOL program is a world’s first and is the solution to the growing energy and environmental needs of the planet. The above global profits justify a new era in global energy economics